What is Eid al-Fitr and what food do people eat on this day?

What is Eid al-Fitr and what food do people eat on this day?

05/03/2022

MUSLIMS around the world are celebrating the end of Ramadan.

This brings an end to their month-long fast, with food at the top of the agenda during the celebrations.

What is Eid al-Fitr?

Eid al-Fitr – also known as the Festival of Breaking the Fast – is a religious Muslim holiday that coincides with the end of Ramadan.

It is celebrated largely due to bringing an end to fasting for Ramadan, which is observed during daylight hours for a month.

Eid is also the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal, but it changes every year.

Eid al-Fitr is celebrated the day after the crescent moon during Ramadan month – as it means that the new moon will present in the sky that evening.

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The day itself has a long history, originating from the Islamic prophet Muhammad, with some traditions believing they were initiated in Medina after his migration to Mecca, which dates back to 622 AD.

Muslims celebrate the day with a specific salat – or Islamic prayer – which has two rakats (units).

When is Eid al-Fitr?

Eid al-Fitr falls on May 3, 2022, and marks the end of Ramadan which is a month-long holiday where Muslims fast from sun up to sundown.

It follows Chaand Raat which preceded the celebration on the eve of May 2.

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Eid al-Fitr begins a three-day festival that begins with prayer and a short sermon. Families will then visit their neighbors to congratulate each other and exchange biscuits, bread, cakes, and puddings.

In Muslim-majority cities, it is customary to hold festivals and put up lights and decorations to mark the end of Ramadan.

What food is eaten on Eid al-Fitr?

Food is an important staple of Eid al-Fitr celebrations and tends to include sweet foods, with Eid al-Fitr also called sweet Eid.

There is a wide range of foods eaten on the holiday but it is largely dependent on where it is celebrated.

However, some of the favorites include:

  • Boeber – A sweet milk drink made by cooking vermicelli with dates, originating in South Africa.
  • Ghraybeh – These are Middle Eastern shortbread cookies, which contain pistachio on the top.
  • Sohan Asali – This is an Iranian pastry or sweet, made with honey, sugar, saffron, almond, or other nuts
  • Ma'amoul – This is another cookie filled with dates
  • Tajine – This Maghrebi dish consists of a slow-cooked stew with vegetables and sauces mixed with meats like beef and chicken
  • Cambaabur – This is a Somali bread that is topped with sugar and is served with yogurt on top

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